Category Archives: Articles

Why we’re nuts about cobs

Cobs have the fun factor, writes Carolyn Henderson. They can do it all with smiles on their faces – and are guaranteed to put one on yours.

 

Everything about cobs is special, even the word itself.  No one seems to know where the name for this type of horse came from, although it’s shared with everything from a round loaf of bread to a male swan.

Somehow, it has a chunky, satisfying feel to it – rather like cobs themselves. Whether they’re strimmed and trimmed show cobs, boast feathers and flying manes and tails or are Welsh Section Ds with prefixes most of us can’t pronounce, they’re the ultimate in versatility.

One of my favourite horse books is a passionate and inspiring book by Omar Rabia called Cobs Can! I love it not just because of the inspiring advice Omar shares, but because the title says it all. Cobs can…do anything.

Cobs are the ultimate “have a go” horses. Correctly schooled by a rider who believes in them, they can do dressage to a high standard; Sam Turner’s 14hh Billy Wizz, who competes at Prix St George, has his own fan club. Their powerful back ends mean they have a great jump – Samantha Garry’s Over the Odds, who has just died at the age of 23, reached Grade B. Like Billy Wizz, he was a “gypsy cob” of unknown breeding and helped Yane Marques win a bronze medal in the 2012 London Olympics pentathlon.

They can hack, show, hunt and compete at a respectable level in endurance. A 15hh cob with a leg at each corner and a deep girth can carry tall riders as well as shorter ones, which is why they’re such great family all-rounders.

Some people fall in love with cobs the first time they see one. For others, it’s a relationship that happens by chance, or even by default.

I’m a cob nut. My cob – who is equally happy hacking with my 6ft 2in husband as he is being ridden by 5ft 6in me – is 15.1hh on tiptoes. He has a posh name on his passport, but his nickname is Supercob.

A few years ago, I plucked up the courage to take him to a training clinic with a well-known dressage trainer and judge. The trainer was so revered I wasn’t sure if I should curtsey, and although I’d been assured he loved working with all types of horses and riders, I wasn’t sure what to expect. Everyone else was mounted on fire-breathing warmbloods with matchy-matchy everything and it was like turning up at a posh ball in old jeans.

Luckily, he gave a huge grin and said how lovely it was to see such a happy, active little horse. We had a great time learning how to improve our lengthened strides – something Supercob does easily when he’s trying to impress my friend and hacking partner’s mare, but which he doesn’t see the point of when we’re inside a set of white boards.

It was inspiring and above all, it was fun. If you had to sum up the smile factor of cobs in one word, that would be it – fun.

If you’re looking for a horse to make you smile, be part of your family and give you lots of pleasure – and, perhaps, success – please don’t underestimate them. And if you’re already in on the secret and share your life with a supercob, we’d love to hear about him or her.

It’s only superstition…

As we wish Badminton competitors the best of luck, Carolyn Henderson looks at why horse people are often superstitious. Are you?

 

When Will Furlong makes his four-star debut at Badminton Horse Trials, everyone on the Feedmark team will have their fingers crossed. Will is dedicated, talented and deserves to do well.

Like many horse people, he’s also superstitious. Well, we did say we’d have our fingers crossed, even though we know he has prepared himself and his lovely mare, Collien P2, down to the last detail.

“I can’t use anything new at a competition – it has to be tried at home or in training first,” says Will. “I also have to touch every fence when walking a course, both

Feedmark eventer, Will Furlong with Collien P2.

showjumping and cross-country.

“It started with just showjumping, as I thought if I didn’t touch a rail I would then have it down. Sadly, it doesn’t work quite like that! But it’s progressed to having to touch every cross-country fence, too, no matter how many times I walk a course.”

Will’s superstitions are perfectly understandable. The one about not using anything new in competition is widespread and rooted in common sense.

When you hear the signal to start, you want to know that you and your horse are comfortable and that everything you use has proved itself. This is not the time to discover that a rug fitting has rubbed your horse, or that a new item of clothing is not as comfortable as you anticipated.

A psychologist friend who is also a horse owner says there’s also a good reason behind Will needing to touch the fences he’s about to tackle. “He’s literally putting himself in touch with the challenge ahead of him,” she explains. “That probably helps him concentrate and assess the fences.”

She says riders who insist on wearing a “lucky” item of clothing are also creating a mindset. “If you were wearing a particular shirt or pair of breeches when you won a competition, it may remind you of how great it felt to perform so well and make you feel more positive,” she says.

The problem, of course, is that your lucky shirt will eventually wear out or be damaged. Maybe next time you win, you should rush out and buy half a dozen replicas of another item worn on that successful occasion. Just kidding.

Another common superstition is that riders shouldn’t wear green. Tell that one to Mary King, whose emerald and white cross-country colours are synonymous with success. She adopted them because they were the company colours of one of her most loyal owners, and although she switched to red and black when sponsored by another company for a couple of seasons, she soon changed back to her favourites.

If you need an excuse to be superstitious, there is a wealth of sayings about horses. Everyone knows a horseshoe symbolises luck; this stems from the days when they were made from iron, which was said to ward off fairies, goblins and other supernatural beings with evil intent.

There is also an old belief that seeing a piebald horse means you’ll come into money. Piebalds are seen less frequently than skewbalds; one explanation of this superstition is that true Romanies prized a good one and owning several was a representation of wealth. All I know is when I owned a piebald, he cost me a fortune in shampoo to keep the white bits sparkling and our lottery tickets were all duds.

Even when you try and defy superstition, there are times when you just can’t help yourself. I was taught that there should always be an odd number of plaits along a horse’s neck plus one made from the forelock. I can’t find any logical reason for this – but although I swear I don’t count, I always end up with an even number in total.

Different countries have different superstitions. In some, a white grey horse is regarded as unlucky, as it’s associated with death. In others, it represents happiness.

Everyone at Feedmark HQ would like to reassure Will that his lovely grey mare definitely represents happiness. We’ll still have our fingers crossed, of course, because a bit of luck never goes amiss.

And if you have a superstition, a lucky charm, or a knack for finding four-leaf clovers, do let us know…

Swapping for success

Lateral thinking isn’t only for dressage riders, writes Carolyn Henderson. We can all learn from different disciplines.

Life-swap programmes make for great TV. You know the sort – Mr and Mrs high-maintenance City slicker swap roles with a couple who know that mud belongs in field entrances, not face packs.

Maybe we should start a horse world equivalent by swapping disciplines. There would be the same shocks and surprises, but at the end of it, we’d all learn something new – even if it was just a new way of looking at things.

It’s so easy to get stuck in a rut and be dedicated to dressage, hooked on showjumping, or whatever. But if you love what you do, widening your approach can sometimes help you do it better.

Recently, a friend who wanted to acclimatise her ex-racehorse to indoor competition venues signed up for a showing clinic with a well-known rider.

Even though she said there was no way she would enter a showing class – and that she’d rather watch paint dry than be a showing spectator – she realised it was a good way to get the horse working in company, in a safe environment. She’d seen too many crowded collecting rings at dressage shows to throw him in at the deep end.

It worked, and she got much more out of it than she’d imagined. The rider who took the clinic told her she needed to project confidence as she came down the centre line – and that he could help.

At the end of the day, she’d swapped a frown of concentration for a “Look at us” megawatt smile, sat up elegantly and rode proudly. And guess what? Her horse, who can swap between chilled out and eyes-on-stalks modes faster than you can flip a switch, looked as confident as she did.

It was a salutary lesson: not in showing, though I reckon it won’t be long before she’s signing up for a Retraining of Racehorses class, but in looking at what we can learn from outside our comfort zone.

A good rider/trainer who understands horses has skills that translate. Sometimes, putting a spin on things pays dividends.

I once moaned to a long-suffering showjumping trainer that my horse and I were managing clear rounds but weren’t fast enough against the clock. At my next lesson, my trainer’s dressage rider partner turned up instead.

By the end of the lesson, we’d improved our lengthened and shortened strides and had the beginning of a canter pirouette. Suddenly, we could turn more quickly, and my horse’s stride was much more adjustable – and I realised how slow I’d been to catch on when my jumping trainer kept saying that if I concentrated on the bits between the fences, the rest would sort itself out.

Event riders, by definition, can’t be narrow-minded. Maybe that’s why eventing has more than its fair share of superstars.

Look at people like Mark Todd, who competed at Olympic level in both eventing and showjumping and trains racehorses. Then there’s Tina Cook; her father, Josh Gifford, was a champion jockey and trainer and her mother, Althea Roger-Smith, was an international showjumper.

So, if you want to exceed in your discipline, see what you can learn from those who excel in others.

And if you’ve got a great trainer who knows how to make you think outside of your particular arena, do tell us – we’d love to see them recognised!

Looking for perfection

The Perfect First Pony needs a new home and her owner’s phone line is red hot, writes Carolyn Henderson. Parents – let’s be honest, mothers – have been plotting since the first rumours started circulating and now they’ve flown into action like heat-seeking missiles.

This is happening in my part of the world, as Magic the PFP’s family prepare to interview applicants. Perhaps you know of equivalent four-legged paragons of virtue or have been through the exhausting process of trying to beg or borrow one. I won’t add “steal”, although there’s one mother who is so desperate to secure Magic’s services we’re all wondering how far she’d go.

The sad thing about PFPs is that inevitably, they are outgrown. Unless there is a succession of small riders ready to take up their reins, they need to move on to new families.

Sometimes, families are so devastated at the thought of saying goodbye that they hatch plans for the PFP to be trained for driving. I’m told there are also occasional cases of pregnancies fortuitously being confirmed just as an oldest child’s heels reach that crucial point on the PFP’s sides.

These ponies are second only to unicorns on the list of rare equines. You want a potential four-star event horse, Grade A showjumper or Grand Prix dressage horse? That’s easy-peasy compared with finding a PFP.

They may be nondescript to look at, but they are as precious as diamonds. Magic (I’ve changed her name to avoid a rush of applicants from all over the country) has a short neck and a head that’s slightly too big for it, and flicks one front teoe out to the side while the other stays straight.

However, she is happy to be groomed, dressed up, led around and ridden by small people. They can pick up her feet, brush her tail and – when their mothers aren’t looking – play circus games by sliding off over her hindquarters.

Magic will never be a posh lead rein pony who trots around a show ring in a perfect outline. While she is happy to be led while a small rider masters the ups and downs of rising trot, she excels when it’s time for those first solo missions.

That’s the difference between a good first pony and a perfect one. A GFP is great on the lead rein but not quite as good off it; a PFP makes the transition effortlessly.

Good first ponies should be treasured; perfect first ponies are priceless, which is why they are often loaned rather than sold. They allow little riders to learn the basics of riding and handling safely, without the need to get used to a different pony for first ventures off the lead rein.

When it’s time for them to move on, there are tears, even if accompanied by excitement at the arrival of a new, bigger pony. And that’s just the parents!

Children must come to terms with saying goodbye, of course. Involving them in the process and explaining how their PFP needs to go and help another rider usually helps, although they can be fierce in judgement and swift to condemn.

Magic’s current rider has condemned one applicant because her mother promised they’d buy the pony a new pink headcollar and lead rope. Magic, you see, only wears red and would feel silly in pink.

Whether you’re on the hunt or searching for the next custodians of your PFP, good luck! And we’d love to see pictures…

Perfect partnerships are a matter of time

What gives you most satisfaction – the start of a new relationship, when there are so many things to find out about each other, or the security and shared experiences of a long-established partnership?

Apologies if that sounds like a quiz on how to find true love, writes Carolyn Henderson. After all, building a relationship with a horse has much in common with finding your ideal human partner, except you can have the former vetted and you can’t sell the latter if he/she proves to be unsuitable.

If perseverance pays off, you eventually reach a happy stability where you know each other inside out. You can then ride off into the sunset, either figuratively or literally.

A few lucky people can instinctively tune in to any horse and get the best out of it. The rest of us have to try harder; we might speak the same language, but we need to adapt our accent to establish a mutual understanding.

Riding different horses is good for us, because it stops us being complacent. It can also prove that a horse with whom you enjoy a long-standing partnership is a treasure on four legs, however he behaves or performs. Horses might be unpredictable by nature, but eventually you get to the stage where most of the time, you get the right answer even if you fluff the question slightly.

You also know how he or she will react in most situations. Note: most. One of the joys of any long-term relationship is that your partner can still surprise you, hopefully in a good way.

I had a much-loved Irish Draught gelding for 18 years, until he died at the age of 22. He was huge in stature, generous in temperament and had a massive sense of humour. When he was excited, he would bounce up and down on his front legs and snort.

After two years, I stopped worrying about whether he was going to do an impression of Champion the Wonder Horse. (If you’re too young to understand the reference, look it up.) After eight years – I told you I had to work at it – I’d learned enough to channel the bouncing into a decent Piaffe.

One of his successors has been with us for eleven years. That may be unimpressive compared to the length of some partnerships, but it’s enough to know that I wouldn’t swap him for anything.

He isn’t a world-beater, but neither am I. We enjoy what we do, we’re successful at our level and we’re happy to see each other every morning. What more could I ask for?

Experts say there’s no such thing as a perfect horse, but there are horses with whom you can build perfect relationships. If you’ve got one, do tell us.

Feedmark strikes gold with Feefo Service award 2018

We are delighted to have won the Feefo Gold Service award, an independent seal of excellence that recognises businesses for delivering exceptional experiences, as rated by real customers.

Created by Feefo, Trusted Service is awarded only to those businesses that use Feefo to collect genuine ratings and reviews. Those that meet the high standard, based on the number of reviews they have collected, and their average rating, are awarded. A badge of honour, this accreditation remains unique, as it is based purely on the interactions with verified customers. As all reviews are verified as genuine, the accreditation is a true reflection of a business’ commitment to outstanding service.

We quickly met and far exceeded Feefo’s service rating criteria achieving over 800 reviews of between 4.5 and 5.0 in less than six months from October 2017. Five star customer reviews for Feedmark range from “Amazing service great products and super fast reliable delivery” to “Have bought from Feedmark for a few years now, very fast dispatch even to the highlands of Scotland.”

Chris Townsend, Managing Director here at Feedmark, comments: “We’re delighted to receive this highly regarded accreditation from Feefo. We’ve always been proud of our high levels of customer service and to be independently recognised for this is testament to the hard work of our dedicated team of expert Nutritional Advisors and our fast and efficient, next day delivery service. We are completely committed to supporting the nutritional needs of horses up and down the UK in the best and fastest way possible.”

Speaking on this year’s award, Andrew Mabbutt, CEO at Feefo, comments: “The Trusted Service award has always been about recognising those companies that go the extra mile. Once again, we have seen many incredible businesses using Feefo to its full potential, to provide truly memorable experiences for their customers – and rightly being awarded with our most prestigious accreditation. I look forward to the continual success of the businesses that work in partnership with Feefo throughout 2018.”

Feefo is a ratings and reviews and customer analytics platform that provides the tools to collect genuine, purchase-verified reviews on behalf of over 4,000 businesses. Feefo ensures that all feedback is authentic, by matching it to a legitimate transaction; this is in order to increase consumer confidence, and combat the rising issue of fake reviews.

Get a Spring in your step

The clocks have gone forward and it’s time to celebrate, writes Carolyn Henderson. Here are the signs that Spring has arrived…

 

You’re possessed by an uncontrollable urge to spring clean. Of course I’m not talking about your house – don’t be silly!

As every horse owner knows, I mean the satisfaction that comes from seeing every little cobweb swept from your horse’s stable; sparkling windows; supple tack and gleaming metalwork. If you’re a working horse owner who has kept up these standards through winter’s rain, cold and mud, you can stop reading now and polish your halo.

Seriously…if there are lots of cobwebs in your stable, it means there are insufficient air changes. Check ventilation and airflow, for the sake of your horse’s respiratory health.

Scene 1: Your horse has been fully clipped and now his summer coat is coming through. He’s gleaming from hours of grooming. You’re exhausted, but feel virtuous. Adjust aforementioned halo.

Scene 2: Your unclipped or minimally clipped hairy pony is shedding hair in cartloads. Much of it ends up in your eyes/makes you sneeze/sticks to every garment you possess. Who would have thought horsehair could penetrate every layer, or does pony hair possess special qualities?

After two hours, a vaguely remembered profile emerges from the fluffball on four legs. You’re exhausted – and filthy.

 

Your horse has a spring in his step – literally. It may be that the first mouthfuls of spring grass go to his head like fine wine, or perhaps the sun on his back makes him leap, buck and generally behave like a Tigger on steroids. Either way, you wish he’d decide that there’s a horse-eating dragon hiding behind that clump of leaves when he’s in the field, not when you’re riding him.

 

You’ve got a mare? Then you’ll know you need to prepare for her batting her eyelids at every male equine for miles around/becoming generally more sensitive/making the hormonal teenager in your family seem sweet and reasonable by comparison.

You’re happy to do this because a good mare will give you everything she’s got. If seasonal behaviour does cause a problem, talk to your vet. Some owners find that nutritional support helps keep mares on an even keel.

 

Getting up in the morning becomes painless. Instead of throwing the duvet to one side the moment the alarm sounds, you wake up to sunshine and birdsong. Fair enough, it might be raining or – whisper it – the Beast from the East might be threatening an unseasonal return. You can’t have everything.

 

Frozen water buckets and troughs seem like a bad dream. Your nearest and dearest insists on taking a picture of you “so I can remember what you look like.” You feel slightly – only slightly – guilty, because he/she knew from the start that it was a case of “Love me, love my horse.”

Your get-up-and-go, which got up and left some time around mid-January, has returned. There are so many opportunities on the calendar, from early morning or evening rides to spring shows and sponsored rides.

Happy Springtime! And do let us know how you’ll be enjoying the longer days.

 

Celebrating horsey friends

Horses help you make – and appreciate – friends, writes Carolyn Henderson

If you’re a horse owner, you’ll have your day mapped out down to the last second. You’ll also have emergency plans A, B and C worked out for times when you have to change course.

Even then, there’s an essential extra for your survival guide. You need friends – and hopefully, their number will include one special person on whom you can rely when all else fails.

Most of us have trained up a family member to take care of the basics. Even if they don’t know a fetlock from a wither, they can learn to turn out, bring in and supply hay. If you’re lucky, you can add adjusting rugs and mucking out to their repertoire.

But what happens when everything goes pear-shaped and your nearest and dearest emergency person isn’t around, or can’t be contacted?

Last week, I was felled by a migraine. My husband took care of our animals and left for work, as I was sure the tablets would kick in and I’d be functional within a couple of hours.

Three hours later, I still couldn’t get out of bed, but could hear our Fell pony – who knows his rights and protests when they aren’t met – performing a wall of death outside our bedroom window. A fumbled text message and 15 minutes later, my lovely friend was there to let out the dog, supply hay and insist she’d be back in two hours to check.

The migraine rooted itself and I only woke up when my husband came home. He said my friend had returned, checked everyone and everything and mucked out, despite having her own horses, dogs, chickens and work to take care of.

Her answer, when I thanked her, was: “You’d do the same for me.” Yes, I would, but it doesn’t stop me appreciating her. It also proved that no matter how organised you are, you can’t be Superwoman or Superman.

There’s something about owning horses that draws people together and breaks down barriers. We don’t always realise it until we have a problem, whether it’s connected to horses or another part of our life.

The Princess Royal once said that horses were the best levellers, as they were no respecter of status or privilege. And while money might buy you some advantages, you’ll never win a competition or feel happy that your horse has gone well just because you’ve got the most expensive lorry on the yard, or six sets of matchy-matchy horse gear.

Good friends are pleased for you when things go well, help you pick yourself up when they go wrong, encourage you when you’re getting there and tell you when you need to buck your ideas up. Hopefully, you do the same for them.

If you have a fragmented life, there may be areas they know nothing about. But hang on; next time you need non-horsey help, just look around your horsey circle.

I have a friend who was made redundant; illegally, it turned out. It also turned out that a quiet, unassuming woman who kept her horse on the same livery yard was a barrister who specialised in employment law.

She offered to represent her at the first meeting with her company. My friend was nervous because the company solicitor had tried to override all her arguments.

The quiet, unassuming woman patted her hand as they waited. “My dear, I chew up people like him and spit out the pieces,” she said, then did just that.

Do you have someone who has helped and encouraged you, or given you the impetus to carry on when everything went wrong? If so, we’d love to hear about them.

Horsey friends deserve thanking, and deserve to be celebrated.

Working with horses

Who would have thought that the day would come when a university college would – or could – invest £2million in its equine facilities? That’s what Writtle University College showcased at its open day last week, writes Carolyn Henderson.

Equally, who would have bet that in the same month, the British Grooms Association would be shortlisted for a prestigious industry award? Let’s hope it’s a sign that working in the horse industry doesn’t automatically mean nothing but shovelling you-know-what.

But let’s not forget that having to do an appropriate amount of shovelling you-know-what means employees are learning the basics. And while there is still exploitation in the horse world, there are also employees who think they can fly when they’ve only just hatched.

No matter how brilliant an institute of learning proves to be – and I have huge respect for many of them – it can’t turn out people capable of graduating one day and running a business/managing a competition yard/overseeing a stud the next. It can give them every asset to start on that path, and probably speed their progress, but ask any top rider or breeder for essential employee attributes and they’ll talk about fine-tuning skills to suit individual horses and set-ups.

A friend who has just been interviewing applicants for a junior post on her showing yard asked them to identify their long-term and short-term goals. All said their long-term ambitions were to manage their own yards, train horses and compete at top level.

And their short-term ambitions? To be given managerial posts, train horses and be allowed to go straight into the ring on top class horses – despite having mainly theoretical knowledge of all three skills.

Many people criticise college and university students. That’s unfair; without them, we wouldn’t have, for example, equine nutritionists and people with business skills as well as practical ones. They also help keep the rest of us up to date with the latest research – sometimes, doing it the way you’ve always done it means you’ve become a bit of a dinosaur.

Academic institutions also highlight opportunities in the equine jobs world which provide involvement with horses, without necessarily being hands-on. There’s room for everyone, even equestrian journalists – although if you want to be a professional hack, you need to train as a journalist first. That’s another story!

Whatever career you aim for, you need a mix of skills and abilities. For instance, the best nutritionists are those who know what they are talking about – and how to get it across in a way that owners who don’t have backgrounds in science can understand.

The fantastic ones are those who have all these skills, plus plenty of horse sense. They know what owners need to achieve and they know how to help when, for example, dealing with an elderly horse who finds it difficult to chew or a horse who is reluctant to drink away from home.

Some people are brilliant with horses but couldn’t get academic qualifications to save their life. If they’re lucky, they are treasured by employers who rely on them. If they’re not, they end up being exploited.

There must be a compromise between academic learning and horse sense, and between ambition and arrogance. Equally, some employers need to go back to school to learn the difference between fairness and exploitation.

If you work in the horse industry, are you prized or taken advantage of? Are you a parent encouraging – or trying to discourage – a son or daughter from working in the horse world? We’d love to hear about your experiences!

How to battle the winter mud

Why is having healthy skin so important?

The horse’s skin is a very important but often overlooked bodily structure. It has many functions, including acting as a barrier to external challenges, helping to control body temperature, and helping to make vitamin D.

By feeding our horses a correctly balanced diet, their skin and coat should be healthy, but some horses need extra nutritional support to help them deal with some common skin issues, especially when the skin is exposed to cold, wet, muddy conditions.

What can I feed to aid skin health?

Omega oils are incredibly beneficial for skin, and Linseed Oil or Micronized Linseed are a palatable vegetarian source of these. Omega-3 is known for helping to soothe the skin, and has been shown to help the skin stay supple. Feeding Brewer’s Yeast is also advisable, as it provides a natural source of amino acids and B-vitamins, which play a vital role in the health of skin, coat and hooves. Certain herbs also offer support to challenged skin, and of particular note are:

Burdock Root – which helps to support the liver, and is also helpful for dry and scurfy skin.

Chamomile is well-known for its soothing and calming properties, and is particularly beneficial for horses with sensitive skin.

Clivers are high in silica, so ideal to promote healthy hair and skin growth. In addition to this, they act as a ‘spring tonic’ for overall health.

Nettles – traditionally fed to enhance dappling of the coat, and are beneficial for circulation and all-round good-health.

Supplementing the diet with these skin health ingredients can help to support your horse’s skin through some common challenges that horses skin faces, such as problems caused by muddy winter conditions. They are all contained in EquiDermis Plus, our popular skin health supplement, which has the added bonus of making the coat look fantastically shiny!

In addition to feeding EquiDermis Plus, you can help to keep your horse’s skin healthy despite winter challenges by trying the following:

  • Where possible, keep legs dry and mud free – if conditions are dire, consider turn out in a rubber school or concrete pad, or use protective boots, chaps or barrier creams when turning out or riding in wet and muddy conditions
  • If you can’t avoid mud, it is generally not recommended to wash legs off every day – instead, let the mud dry and brush off. If you do need to wash off, make sure that you thoroughly dry the area afterwards
  • Check for any abrasions or skin issues daily – this includes under rugs!
  • Never put a non-breathable rug on a damp or wet horse
  • Groom regularly to get rid of mud and dirt, this also means that you will spot any problems early on